Kiruna, Sweden


EISCAT (European Incoherent SCATter) is a facility for astronomy research using radar. A new facility, EISCAT 3D, is under development. This will comprise three sites in the north of Sweden, Norway, and Finland, each consisting of 10,000 antenna elements. The facility will be used for research, for example, into how the earth’s upper atmosphere is connected to space, and also for forecasting space weather and for detecting and tracking space debris. The EISCAT system will use several different measurement techniques that have never before been combined in one system.